IQ vs EQ vs AQ (Series)

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Part One

By Connie Dia

“It takes Something more than intelligence to act intelligently.”
Foydor Dotoyevsky

While growing up, we often heard of Intelligence Quotient (IQ). It was intriguing that one’s intelligence could be measured.

The fear was if it was considered low then there were higher chances of being unsuccessful.

Unfortunately, most non-experts still read a lot into Intelligence Quotient.

IQ tests have been around for more than a century. They were first created in France to help identify students who needed extra help in school.

This was definitely an advantage because not everyone can learn the same way.

As time went by I got exposed to different children having different learning abilities.

It was evident because in Uganda, many schools are known to have streams of classes but in actuality these classes are divided according to ones learning ability.

I’m not sure if it is still the case today?

It’s alright to teach children accordingly but to make one believe that it’s only by the determinant of IQ that they will be successful, is something I find to be false.

I got exposed to the Emotional Intelligence (EQ) topic on a very random night talk with a friend who ponderd that he lacked the skill.

It pinged my interest and I did some reading and here I am, four years later attempting to break it down.

Emotional Intelligence (EQ), also known as Emotional Quotient, is simply the capability of individuals to recognize their own emotions and those of others, discern different feelings and label them appropriately, use emotional information to guide thinking and behavior, and manage or adjust emotions to adapt to environments or achieve one’s goals.

I know one would ask how does dealing with emotions have anything to do with it.

For instance, Goleman indicated that EQ accounts for 67 percent of abilities deemed necessary for high performance.

Emotional Intelligence constitutes our ability to reason, motivate, resilience, manage stress and so much more.

The Good news is EQ can be learned where it’s absent and it can be improved where it is.
There are about five skills that stand out in EQ.

These include Self Awareness, Self Emotional Awareness, Self Regulation, Motivation, and Empathy.

Any of the above sound familiar? This definitely shows EQ plays a role in realising success in our personal and professional life.

One Then Would ask of the Importance of EQ.

Have you ever imagined a surgeon who keeps operating on different people immediately after losing someone on an operation table minutes ago?

Social workers who are exposed to the complexities of life and then have to go back to their families?

Psychologists who work at making people feel better but don’t they have bad days too?

CEOs trying to stay afloat while business is running down but still encouraging his workers to be at it ?

Emotional Intelligence should be a prerequisite for intense areas of work.

It is also an integral part for forming and developing meaningful relationships.

Those with stronger skill in this area are less likely to act out of anger, exhibit stress, respond calmly to negative emotions, harness personal needs in order to achieve goals.

It is also undoubtedly a tool in the face of adversity which I believe we all face.

It was a while back when I stumbled on a mission statement for a company known as Andela and it’s no wonder they were ranked best company to work for in Africa for millennials.

Passion, Integrity, Collaboration are some of the values when asked about the thinking behind their culture.

It is not a case of IQ versus EQ but rather that both have considerable value.

We cannot ignore that in your resume under skills you are tempted to always put “Ability to work with a team”.

We know some people considered with high IQ but have struggled with different things in life. Forget social classes and supposedly bad luck our ability to get along with others should be considered important afterall ‘A Man’s Networth is his Network’ so they say.

So is emotional intelligence tied to success?

A broad thought but with no definitive answer just as success is defined differently to each individual I still would believe it plays a vital role in achieving it.

Emotional Intelligence impacts flow of communication, dedication and motivation in ones both personal and career side of life, conflict resolution, greater cooperation and many more positive outcomes.

“Anybody can become angry. That is easy. But to be angry with the right person and to the right degree and at the right time and for the right purpose and in the right way, that is not within everyone’s power. That is not easy.”

Most of the above information is picked from readings of psychologists Mayer, Salovey, Goleman and a report done by Elaine Houston an independent business owner and behavioral science graduate.

Hi, thanks for reading till the end. So this is a series about IQ, EQ, and AQ. I will hosting a number of people to talk about what they think of each or any of those.

Connie is the first person to jump on to this relatively complex situation and give her views. However, she’s not new here on the Wanam World. Check out her work here.

15 Replies to “IQ vs EQ vs AQ (Series)”

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